Air In Abdomen
The air in the abdomen is also known as pneumoperitoneum. It is usually a very serious symptom that is often related to perforation of some part of digestive tract.
This situation can have several causes. Probably the most common is rupture caused by a doctor during colonoscopy. Bowel perforation can also be a complication of many bowel diseases including diverticulosis and diverticulitis, appendicitis, advanced forms of colon cancer, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
Open abdominal wounds with communication between abdominal cavity and surroundings are associated with air penetration into the abdomen.
After abdominal surgery (no matter if open or laparoscopic surgery) certain amount of air stays in the abdominal cavity. Due to strict aseptic conditions during operations, this air is absorbed without doing any harm.
The pneumoperitoneum can be easily diagnosed by abdominal X-ray. If we need more precise examination, computed tomography is usually the best option. When pneumoperitoneum is related to an acute medical condition, surgical intervention is often performed as both diagnostic and therapeutic option. The surgeon can find location of perforation and fix it immediately.