Campylobacteriosis

Campylobacteriosis is an infectious condition caused by bacterium known as Campylobacter jejuni. It is a quite frequent representative of infectious diarrhea.

Causes

Campylobacter is a spiral bacteria living in raw meat. It is capable to withstand and survive low temperatures in a refrigerator, but it can be destroyed by heat. Inadequately cooked meat (often poultry) is the most common source of infection (grilled chickens, raw steak tartar, etc.) 

Symptoms

The bacteria affect mucous membranes of both the small and large intestine. The infection manifests with abdominal pain, fever and diarrhea with blood and mucus in stool. The condition may be complicated by dehydration and severe forms with septic condition. After the disappearance of the symptoms, there have been reported cases of development of the Guillain-Barré syndrome. This syndrome causes serious (but usually only temporary) muscle paralysis.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is usually confirmed by microbiological examination of stool sample with positive cultivation of Campylobacter bacteria. The examination should be done in every person with acute diarrhea that suffers from blood and mucus in the stool.

Prevention

The best way of prevention is keep high hygienic standards when handling meat products and avoid inadequately cooked meals.

Treatment

The therapy commonly consists of adequate hydration, administration of probiotics and bed rest. In more severe cases, antibiotics may be used.